Resources for Racial Inequities in Maternal Child Health: A Conversation

Anstey, E. H., Chen, J., Elam-Evans, L. D., & Perrine, C. G. (2017). Racial and Geographic Differences in Breastfeeding - United States, 2011-2015. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 66(27), 723–727. Free full text access may be found here: Also see erratum published here:

Austin, D. (2017, January). Researcher Seeks to Bridge Breastfeeding Disparity | An Interview with Researcher Ifeyinwa Asiodu. Retrieved August 31, 2017, from

Bystrova, K., Ivanova, V., Edhborg, M., Matthiesen, A.-S., Ransjö-Arvidson, A.-B., Mukhamedrakhimov, R., … Widström, A.-M. (2009). Early contact versus separation: effects on mother-infant interaction one year later. Birth (Berkeley, Calif.), 36(2), 97–109.

Center for Social Inclusion. (2015). Removing Barriers to Breastfeeding: A Structural Race Analysis of First Food. New York: Center for Social Inclusion. Retrieved from

Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. (2002). Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50302 women with breast cancer and 96973 women without the disease. Lancet, 360(9328), 187–195.

Hoddinott, P., Chalmers, M., & Pill, R. (2006). One-to-one or group-based peer support for breastfeeding? Women’s perceptions of a breastfeeding peer coaching intervention. Birth (Berkeley, Calif.), 33(2), 139–146.

Lind, J. N., Perrine, C. G., Li, R., Scanlon, K. S., Grummer-Strawn, L. M., & Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2014). Racial disparities in access to maternity care practices that support breastfeeding - United States, 2011. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(33), 725–728. Free full text access may be found here:

McKinney, C. O., Hahn-Holbrook, J., Chase-Lansdale, P. L., Ramey, S. L., Krohn, J., Reed-Vance, M., … Community Child Health Research Network. (2016). Racial and Ethnic Differences in Breastfeeding. Pediatrics, 138(2).

Peters, S. A. E., Yang, L., Guo, Y., Chen, Y., Bian, Z., Du, J., … Chen, Z. (2017). Breastfeeding and the Risk of Maternal Cardiovascular Disease: A Prospective Study of 300 000 Chinese Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(6).

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (n.d.). The Affordable Care Act and Maternity Care | Retrieved from


First Food Deserts (Seals Allers & WKKF):

Public Policies that Empower Breastfeeding Moms (


Black Breastfeeding Week:

Center for Social Inclusion:, also

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, National Immunization Survey (source of national breastfeeding rate data):

Healthy Children Project, Center for Breastfeeding:

National Institute for Children’s Health Quality, Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Network to Reduce Infant Mortality:

National Institutes of Health, What is Cultural Respect?:

W.K. Kellogg Foundation’s First Food Campaign: